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UNDP publishes the 2023 Gender Social Norms Index

The Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI) analyses global attitudes and biases towards women against four key indicators: politics, educational, economic and physical integrity. The latest index uses data from 80 countries covering 85 percent of the global population and found that almost 9 in 10 people worldwide hold at least one fundamental bias against women. Biases regarding physical integrity were most frequent, measured by proxy for IPV and reproductive rights, followed by political biases, economic, and lastly education.


Key findings include:

  • Nearly half the world's people believe that men make better political leaders than women do

  • Two in five people believe that men make better business executives than women do

  • 28 percent believe that University is more important for men than for women

  • 46 percent believe that men should have more right to a job than women

  • Gender biases are pronounced in both lower and higher Human Development Index (HDI) countries. These biases hold across regions, income levels and cultures—making them a global issue.

  • This second GSNI report, capturing data up to 2022, shows little overall progress, despite powerful global and local campaigns for women’s rights in recent years, such as Me Too, Ni Una Menos, Time’s Up and Un Violador en Tu Camino


Read the full report here.

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