Thailand

Population size: 

69,804,955 [1]

Number of people experiencing domestic abuse each year:

367 domestic violence cases reported in the headlines in the first 7 months of 2018. [2]

According to the Women and Men Progressive Movement, domestic violence in 2018 rose by 35.4 percent, compared with 2016. Official statistics report 25,000 but the reality thought to be in the hundreds of thousands. [3]

UNICEF estimated in 2006 that the range of children exposed to domestic violence was between 903,000 and 2.6 million. [4]

No research found on male victims or other gender identities.

Cost of domestic abuse to the economy each year:

Direct medical costs = 1.3 billion

Indirect costs were 14.4 billion Thai baht or 0.4% of the total Thai GDP [5]

Estimated % change due to COVID-19:

Domestic violence has almost doubled since the onset of Covid-19, according to the Social Development and Human Security Ministry.

Beginning of February and the end of April: nearly 500 incidents of domestic abuse and violence were recorded on the ministry’s hotlines. Considerable year on year increase. The actual rate of domestic violence is likely to be far higher due to low levels of reporting. [6]


Current law and policy:

Thailand commits to develop national strategy, amend laws, and review school curricula to prevent and end violence against women. Thailand commits to taking the following actions to prevent and respond to all forms of violence against women and girls: Develop national strategy on the prevention and elimination of all forms of violence against women and girls, with multi-sectoral and multidisciplinary approaches; Review, revise, and amend laws pertaining to violence against women and girls; take urgent measures, including capacity building of related officials, to adopt and accelerate the implementation of comprehensive legal frameworks to ensure effective protection and access to justice with gender sensitivity for survivors; Carry out community mobilization by means of increasing the potential of a mechanism in communities to be a comprehensive and systematic centre for protection, assistance, recovery of survivors, and surveillance of violence against women and girls; and Review school curricula and educational programmes and instructional materials, to integrate gender issues and human rights in formal, informal and nonformal education at all levels, in order to transform values related to gender stereotypes, beliefs, behaviours, and attitudes that condone violence against women and girls, and to promote specialized training of teachers and educational personnel to foster a culture of gender equality and respect for human rights, which is the foundation of a gender equal society.


 

Sources


[1] Worldometer, “Thailand Population (Live)”, (worldometers.info)

[2] https://www.nationthailand.com/national/30352831

[3] https://news.cgtn.com/news/2019-11-24/Domestic-violence-cases-on-the-rise-in-Thailand-LSirxiEjmw/index.html

[4] https://www.unicef.org/media/files/BehindClosedDoors.pdf

[5] p.33, ch.3 pt.1 of 'Family Problems and Family Violence, Reliable Assessment and the

ICD-11' (Springer Publishing Company, 2013) Heather M Foran et al.

[6] https://www.bangkokpost.com/thailand/general/1914484/abuse-on-rise-amid-outbreak