Tell me about the impact of Covid-19

Afghanistan

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Albania

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

245 cases of domestic violence were reported by the Albanian State Police in March 2020. The numbers may be higher as women have tended to remain silent whilst in self-isolation with the perpetrator.

Albania has not followed the global trend of an increase in calls for help from domestic abuse victims. In fact, the data suggests that there were 141 fewer domestic violence reports in March 2020, compared with March 2019. It is suggested that this is because addressing domestic abuse is “considered a luxury in the current state of survival”.

Algeria

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Andorra

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research available.

Angola

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Antigua and Barbuda

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Argentina

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

Increase by 67% in the number of calls made for help to the emergency line, compared to one year previous.

Deaths of women (of those that are reported) have risen by 33% compared to the same period in 2018, and by almost 20% (40 to 49) when compared to the same period in 2019.

Armenia

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

Suspected increase but no figures have been provided.

Australia

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

38% increase in the number of calls to 1800 Respect, the National helpline.

42% increase in the number of first-time family violence reports being made to victim support practitioners.

5% increase in the number of cases reported to police in Western Australia.

Austria

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

On 19th May 2020, it was announced in the Austrian national news that, during the crisis, there had been a 9% increase in the number of reported cases of domestic abuse.

Azerbaijan

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Bahamas

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Bahrain

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

46% increase in abuse.

Bangladesh

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

50% increase in the number of reports of domestic violence in refugee camps in Bangladesh.

81% of Myanmar refugees had faced attacks from relatives.

Barbados

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Belarus

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Belgium

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

A National Helpline reported a 70% rise in calls for help in the third week of lockdown compared to the first week; the calls involved almost double the number of potential victims of violence.

Belize

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Benin

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

Suspected increase in line with UNFPA projections.

Bhutan

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

"The National Commission for Women and Children is seeing an increase in domestic violence cases in Bhutan in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Commission received 47 cases between January and April from Thimphu alone regarding women who needed immediate support like counselling, shelter and legal advice. Only 77 such cases were reported to the Commission in the whole of 2019”.

2020: "Royal Bhutan Police recorded 13 cases of domestic violence in March. The victims are 11 females and 2 males between 20 to 40 years of age”.

Bolivia

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

Incidents have increased. In the period between 31st March 2020 and 12th April 2020, Bolivia’s public prosecutor's office recorded 545 cases of domestic violence. The government is providing food aid valued at USD $57 to mothers with low incomes and financial aid worth $80 to low-income families with primary school children. Whilst the provision of this aid does not specifically address the rise in domestic abuse, it could alleviate the additional financial pressures caused to already vulnerable groups during the pandemic.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

Likely in line with UNFPA projections.

Botswana

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No specific numbers but there have been reports of an increase in number, which would be in line with UNFPA projections.

2020: It has been suggested that the effects of COVID-19 will cost the region of Sub-Saharan Africa between USD $37 billion and $79 billion in terms of output losses.

Brazil

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

Official reporting is down but The Brazilian Forum on Public Safety analysed more than 50,000 posts on Twitter of which 6,000 indicated domestic abuse had occurred, thereby representing a 431% increase. Other research has suggested a 40-50% increase in the number of incidents of domestic abuse.

Brunei

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Bulgaria

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

The Bulgarian Fund for Women has reported that, since 13th March 2020, when a lockdown was imposed in Bulgaria, 8 women have been killed by their partner.

Burkina Faso

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Burundi

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

COVID-19 is deepening the level of violence against women.

Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Cabo Verde

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Cambodia

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Cameroon

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Canada

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

Researchers at the University of Toronto uncovered a 20%-30% increase in rates of gender-based violence and domestic violence in some regions of the country.

One shelter in the Greater Toronto Area reported a 400% increase in the number of calls.

York Regional Police reported a 22% increase in domestic incidents since stay-at-home measures came into effect on 17th March 2020.

Central African Republic

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

Since April, gender-based violence has increased by an estimated 10%, while reported injuries to women and children have increased by 69%, rape by 27% and other assaults by 45%. Since the first case of COVID-19 was reported in the Central African Republic, 97% of the victims of gender-based violence have been female and 76% underage.

The UNDP reports that there has been a 69% increase in violence.

Chad

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Chile

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

70% increase in the number of calls made to helplines in the first weekend of lockdown.

China

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

Domestic violence is reported to have tripled during the lockdown, with Blue Sky, an anti-domestic-violence non-profit based in Hubei province, receiving a total of 175 reports of domestic violence in February 2020, a tripling in the number of complaints from February 2019.

Colombia

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

130% increase to the number of calls made to women's hotlines in the first 18 days of national lockdown, with 19 women being murdered in the first 21 days. Between 25th March 2020 and 23rd April 2020, the 155 national women’s domestic violence hotline received an average of 132 calls per day.

Reports of domestic violence during lockdown have increased by 175% compared to the same period last year.

Comoros

No research.

Costa Rica

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Croatia

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

In Croatia, police told the Balkan Investigative Reporting Network that the number of domestic violence cases was up from 94 in March 2019 to 120 in March 2020. The police proceeded to stress that the rise should not be interpreted as an “overall increase in violence” but was the result of efforts to educate police officers on how to identify such offences.

On 8th April 2020, the Autonomous Women’s House of Zagreb stated that in February 2020 – March 2020, it had received 19 requests from women for admission to its shelter and was receiving around 10 calls every day.

Cuba

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Cyprus

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

There have been estimates of a 30% increase in domestic and gender-based violence due to COVID-19.

The Association for the Prevention and Handling of Family Violence stated that in the period from 9th March 2020, the day on which Cyprus confirmed its first COVID-19 case, to 31st March 2020, its help line had recorded 2,075 calls. Of these, it was able to answer 921 calls; the rest could not be answered because the lines were busy. In the above period, 15 requests were made to go to a safe house, 12 reports of domestic violence were made and 230 reports of violence in the family, which is 10 per day. This is about 47% higher than in previous months.

Czech Republic

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

The volume of calls to Lukasa’s Forum of Women Citizens and Activists for Governance, Democracy and Development, increased by over 1,000%, having gone from 5 calls per week to 10 per day. With only 2,082 social workers for 84 million people, Congolese authorities are poorly equipped to help survivors.

Denmark

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No exact stats but Council of Europe Secretary General Marija Pejčinović Burić has observed that the number of women seeking refuge in a women's shelters has increased in Denmark over the COVID-19 period.

Dijbouti

Estimated % change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Dominica

Estimated % change due to COVID-19:

No research.

Dominican Republic