Tanzania

Population size: 

59,784,221 [1]

Number of people experiencing domestic abuse each year:

Physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence against women in the last year = 29.6% [2] No research on male victims or other gender identities.

Nearly 3 in 10 female and 1 in 7 men reported at least one experience of sexual violence prior to the age of 18. Almost 3 in 4 children, both male and female, experienced physical violence prior to age 18. Approximately 1 in 4 children, both male and female, experienced emotional violence prior to age 18. [3]

Cost of domestic abuse to the economy each year:

The estimated productivity loss associated with partner violence amounted to 1.2 percent of Tanzania’s GDP. However, agricultural self-employment was not included in this study. If it had been, the percentage would have been higher. Each percentage point of partner violence costs just over 10 billion Tzs or almost US$8 million and amounts to 0.04 percent of Tanzania’s GDP." [4]

Estimated % change due to COVID-19:

Reporting has reduced by 30% because of fear, isolation and restrictions on mobility and information.[5] However, there is no research on the increase in cases or cost.


Current law and policy:

Tanzania does not have a specific law on domestic violence. The Government have made commitments to ending violence against women through the launch of a 5 year action plan in 2016. [6]

The legal framework of Tanzania is pluralistic and comprised of, customary, Islamic and statutory laws. Two key pieces of legislation are the Laws of Marriage Act (revised in 2002) and the 1998 amendment to the penal code, Cap. 16. These laws have been regarded as having little impact due to them not protecting unmarried couples from domestic violence. Additionally, the law excludes numerous forms of domestic violence such as economic deprivation. [7]

In December 2016, the government launched a 5-year National Plan of Action to end violence against women. This plan provides for a comprehensive and coordinated response to inter partner violence in the country. [8]

In November 2019, the Minister for gender, Ummy Mwalimu launched a campaign against gender-based violence. [9]

Public spending - Tanzania is considered a global leader in addressing violence against women and girls. It announced a radical US$119 million (267,440,809,820 TZS) plan to end violence National Action Plan which promises to cut violence against women and children in half by 2022. This was celebrated by many including the [10] Secretary-General.


 

Sources


[1] Worldometer, “Tanzania Population (Live)”, (worldometers.info)

[2] UN Women, “Global Database on Violence Against Women – Tanzania”, (evaw-global-database.unwomen.org)

[3] https://www.unicef.org/media/files/VIOLENCE_AGAINST_CHILDREN_IN_TANZANIA_REPORT.pdf

[4] https://www.worldbank.org/content/dam/Worldbank/document/Gender/Vyas%202013.%20Estimating%20the%20Association%20between%20women's%20earning%20and%20partner%20violence%20in%20Tanzania.%20Nov%202013.pdf

[5] https://reliefweb.int/report/world/new-data-shows-decrease-women-being-able-report-incidents-domestic-violence-fragile-and112-gaps-in-policies-and-laws-that-perpertuate-gbv-in-tanzania.html

[6] http://strive.lshtm.ac.uk/news/tanzania-national-action-plan-end-violence-against-women-and-children

[7] https://svri.org/sites/default/files/attachments/2016-07-05/Tanzanian%20review%20GBV%20report%202014%20by%20TAWLA%20TAMWA%20CRC%20TGNP%20ZAFELA.pdf

[8] http://strive.lshtm.ac.uk/news/tanzania-national-action-plan-end-violence-against-women-and-children

[9] https://www.dailynews.co.tz/news/2019-11-275dde7210292e8.aspx

[10] https://apolitical.co/en/solution_article/tanzanias-radical-119m-plan-to-end-violence-against-women-and-children