Russia Federation

Population size: 

144,373,535 [1]

Number of people experiencing domestic abuse each year:

Russian State Duma: Domestic violence in c.10% of Russian families. Seventy percent of those surveyed report that they have experienced or are experiencing domestic violence: 80% are women, with children and elderly people coming behind. Moreover, in 77% of surveyed cases, physical, psychological and economic violence go together. More than 35% of victims did not go to the police for assistance, citing shame, fear and mistrust. [2]

No research on male victims or other gender identities.

Cost of domestic abuse to the economy each year:

No research.

Estimated % change due to COVID-19:

Russian Human Rights Commissioner: Complaints and reports made to Russian non-governmental organisations spiked from roughly 6,000 in March to more than 13,000 in April. [3]


Current law and policy:

The Russian Federation commits to combat domestic violence through national crisis network, training workshops and helpline for survivors. Combating violence against women is a key focus for the Russian Federation. Russian law envisages sanctions, including criminal sanctions, for different forms of violence, including indecent assault, murder, battery, torture, physical and psychological abuse, slander and humiliating or degrading treatment.

Appropriate investigations are carried out into every reported violation of the rights and legitimate interests of women. Comprehensive measures are being taken to prevent and forestall violence. These include public information campaigns and social rehabilitation work. Through social services, Russia is focusing on the prevention of domestic abuse and the provision of services to survivors. Specialist support in crisis situations is provided by crisis centres for women and for men, women-only crisis centres which are structural units of family and children’s social services institutions, and refuges for women and dependent minors. They offer psychological, legal, medical, teaching and welfare services to various categories of women who have suffered violence and to men and boys who have suffered violence. Non-government organizations play an active part in providing social services to women affected by domestic violence.

Among the most recent measures, as part of the plan to implement the recommendations of the Committee to Eliminate Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), a working group has been set up to draw up a draft federal law, “On the prevention of domestic violence”. A session of its coordinating council in May 2012 examined conceptual approaches and confirmed the composition of the working group. A National Crisis Centre Network has been established, embracing state and civic crisis centres, set up by women’s organizations; a Russia-wide helpline for domestic abuse survivors has been launched; a course of training workshops and optional classes has been held for students at the Moscow police colleges and for police commissioners at the Russian Institute of Adomestic violenceanced Training for Interior Ministry Personnel; and recommendations on preventing domestic violence have been drafted for law-enforcement agency staff to be disseminated among local police officers.


Frontline Services:

 

Sources


[1] The World Bank, (1)

[2] https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/odr/russia-domestic-violence-law/

[3] https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/05/russia-domestic-violence-cases-more-than-double-under-lockdown