Romania

Population size: 

19,356,544 [1]

Number of people experiencing domestic abuse each year:

Lifetime Physical and/or Sexual Intimate Partner Violence: 24%

Physical and/or Sexual Intimate Partner Violence in the last 12 months: 6%

Lifetime Non-Partner Sexual Violence: 2% [2]

A total of 36,245 cases of domestic violence had been reported to the police in 2017 [3]

No research on male victims or other gender identities.

Cost of domestic abuse to the economy each year:

No research.

Estimated % change due to COVID-19:

2.3% more complaints have been filed by women who reported they had been attacked by their partners or that they had abused their children. [4]


Current law and policy:

Romania commits to develop strategies on family protection and policies to combat and prevent domestic violence.

The Romanian Government joins UN Women’s "COMMIT to end violence against women and girls" initiative by developing strategies on family protection and policies on combating and preventing domestic violence. Romania recently adopted a law on preventing and combating violence, introducing amendments to the existing law and introducing protection order for survivors of domestic violence. The implementation of 2013-2017 National Strategy on Preventing and Combating Domestic Violence aims at developing social services specializing in preventing and combating domestic violence as well as at ensuring their quality through a non-discriminatory approach, particularly sensitive to cultural, age and gender differences. By the measures set out in the Operational Plan for the implementation of the 2013-2017 National Strategy to Prevent and Combat Domestic Violence, Romania aims to reduce family violence, to alleviate the victim's sense of insecurity, to reduce the risk of recurrence and to facilitate the social reintegration of persons who have committed crimes of domestic violence. The Strategy will also promote cross-sectoral cooperation, including partnerships with civil society and the private sector. A permanent working sub-group on domestic violence has been set up in the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly in order to strengthen the institutional capacity of central public administration authorities to manage domestic violence correlated with violence against children.  Furthermore, Romania has contributed towards the development of the European Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence and the current National Strategy to Prevent and Combat Domestic Violence expressly provides for necessary steps towards the signature and ratification of the Convention.


Frontline Services:

 

Sources


[1] The World Bank, (1)

[2] UN Women, “Global Database on Violence Against Women – Romania”, (evaw-global-database.unwomen.org)

[3] https://www.romania-insider.com/police-statistics-increase-domestic-violence-romania ; https://rm.coe.int/state-report-on-romania/16809b9fa

[4] https://www.romaniajournal.ro/society-people/law-crime/crime-rate-during-the-coronavirus-lockdown-felonies-down-domestic-violence-and-abuse-up/