Mongolia

Population size: 

3,225,167 [1]

Number of people experiencing domestic abuse each year:

Women who have experienced physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence in their lifetime: 312%

Physical and/or Sexual Intimate Partner Violence in the last 12 months against women: 127%. [2]

Among ever-partnered women, 57.9% have experienced one or more of the following types of violence in their lifetime: physical, sexual, emotional and economic violence, and controlling behaviours; and 31.2% have experienced physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime.

Life-time rates of any forms of partner violence are highest in the regions of Khenti, Darkhan-Uul, Umnugobi, Ulaanbaatar, and Govisumer, while life-time rates of physical and or sexual partner violence are highest in Darkhan-Uul, Umnugobi, Gobisumber, Bulgan and Khovd.

Non-partner violence is prevalent among young people. Since age 15, 17.3% of women have experienced non-partner physical violence during their lifetime and 4.5% experienced it during the last 12 months; 1 in 10 women experienced child sexual abuse before the age of 15; 1 in 4 women, regardless of her social and economic status, agreed that a husband is justified in beating his wife if she is unfaithful. [3]

No research on male victims or other gender identities.

Cost of domestic abuse to the economy each year:

No research, but calls for further research into this. [4]


Estimated % change due to COVID-19:

No country-wide research. Police records for the capital city of Ulaanbaatar indicated a 63% increase in reported cases of domestic violence, with 3,100 during the first quarter of 2020 compared to 1,900 reported during the first quarter of 2019. Most of these cases included physical violence (77%), about 90% were committed in a household setting, and women constituted 93% of the victims. [5]


Current law and policy:

Mongolia commits to prosecute domestic violence and provide services for survivors. Mongolia announced a national commitment to consider domestic violence as a crime and hold perpetrators appropriately accountable. The President of Mongolia further committed to work with policymakers to create a new legal system that would provide services and safeguards for domestic violence survivors.


Frontline Services:

 

Sources


[1] The World Bank, (1).

[2] UN Women, “Global Database on Violence Against Women – Mongolia”, (evaw-global-database.unwomen.org)

[3] https://mongolia.unfpa.org/en/publications/breaking-silence-equality-2017-national-study-gender-based-violence-mongolia

[4] https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/463116/eawp-014-womens-voices-action-mongolia.pdf

[5] https://www.adb.org/news/adb-help-address-and-prevent-domestic-violence-mongolia-amid-covid-19