Malaysia

Population size: 

31,949,777 [1]

Number of people experiencing domestic abuse each year:

This first nation-wide primary prevalence study shows that domestic violence is a real issue among women with husbands or with long term partners or ever married or ever had partners in Malaysia with a prevalence of 8% [2]

No research on male victims or other gender identities.

Cost of domestic abuse to the economy each year:

2.7% of GDP [3]

Estimated % change due to COVID-19:

The ministry’s Talian Kasih hotline had seen a 57 per cent increase (or 1,893 calls) from women in distress up to March 26 [4]

Current law and policy:

Legal protection against domestic violence in Malaysia is provided under the Domestic Violence Act 1994.Legal protection against domestic violence in Malaysia is provided under the Domestic Violence Act 1994. Victims can gain an emergency protection order prohibiting further violence and prevent the perpetrator entering the survivor’s accommodation either temporary or shared. This can be transferred into an interim protection order whilst under investigation extending protection to include that perpetrator being barred from entry into the survivor’s accommodation either temporary or shred, employment or any other institution the survivor may be a part of, prevent contact from the perpetrator (bar for specific topics such as arrangement of collecting survivor’s possession from shared accommodation), requires the perpetrator to remain at least 50 metres from the survivor and to allow the use of any vehicle that was routinely used by survivor. Violation of the IPO resulting in jail time.  In 2017 an MP described women’s rights to refuse marital sex as emotional abuse; “Usually, it involves wives cursing their husbands: this is emotional abuse. They insult their husbands and refuse his sexual needs. All these are types of psychological and emotional abuse."


 

Sources


[1] The World Bank, (1)

[2] www.sciencedirect.com%2Fscience%2Farticle%2Fpii%2FS1877042813025767%2Fpdf%3Fmd5%3Db357d0f9eb60e96a0a2dc687de634b1e%26pid%3D1-s2.0-

S1877042813025767-main.pdf&usg=AOvVaw1KsekFokadbDQOyhXGIFhZ

[3] http://economicsandpeace.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/The-Economic-Cost-of-Violence-Containment.pdf

[4] https://www.nst.com.my/news/exclusive/2020/04/581233/mco-linked-domestic-violence-rises