Kazakhstan

Population size: 

18513930 [1]

Number of people experiencing domestic abuse each year:

UN Violence against women reports Women who have experienced physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence in their lifetime:165 % Physical and/or Sexual Intimate Partner Violence in the last 12 months against women: 47 % Lifetime Non-Partner Sexual Violence against women: 15% [2]

Domestic violence impacts an estimated 34 % of women and 28 % of children (as victims and witnesses).[3]

No research on male victims or other gender identities.

Cost of domestic abuse to the economy each year:

No research.

Estimated % change due to COVID-19:

No research.


Current law and policy:

Kazakhstan was the first Central Asian country to establish a national entity to promote gender equality (the National Commission on Women, Family and Demographic Policy). Adopted in 2009, the Law on State Guarantees of Equal Rights and Opportunities for Men and Women governs gender policy. Kazakhstan’s Strategy of Gender Equality for 2006-2016 set practical targets to measure progress in attaining gender equality in policy, the economy, education, family affairs, access to healthcare and the prevention of violence against women and children. It approved in 2016 the Concept of Family and Gender Policy up to 2030, which seeks to ensure equal rights for all and prevent gender-based discrimination and gender imbalances. Kazakhstan has ratified several major international treaties, including the UN Convention on Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, the Convention on the Political Rights of Women, the Convention on the Nationality of Married Women, six International Labour Organisation (ILO) conventions and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDGs).Law on State Guarantees of Equal Rights and Opportunities for Men and Women.

To the individual, partner-based violence cost USD 4,682,587 in out of pocket health care expenditures, and USD 5,650,501 in lost earnings.[4]

Refuges have closed during the pandemic.[5]


Frontline Services:

 

Sources


[1] The World Bank, (1)

[2] UN Women, “Global Database on Violence Against Women – Kazakhstan”, (evaw-global-database.unwomen.org)

[3] https://www.iphronline.org/kazakhstan-ngos-call-for-improved-protection-of-women-at-risk-of-domestic-violence-during-the-covid-19-crisis.html

[4] https://eca.unwomen.org/en/where-we-are/kazakhstan/ending-violence-against-women

[5] https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/04/09/lack-refuge-kazakhstans-domestic-violence-survivors


Further Reading


[1] UN Women, (10)