Jamaica

Population size:

2,948,279[1]

Number of people experiencing domestic abuse each year:

Physical and/or Sexual Intimate Partner Violence: 278 %

Physical and/or Sexual Intimate Partner Violence in the last 12 months: 7%.[2]

The Jamaica Constabulary Force reports an average murder rate for women as 13 per 100,000 females — higher than the 10 murders per 100,000 threshold for epidemics established by the World Health Organization. One in four Jamaican women have suffered physical violence at the hands of their partner, according to the 2016 Women's Health Survey. In some communities, rates are reportedly as high as 60 per cent. Lifetime Non-Partner Sexual Violence: 23%.[3]

No research on male victims or other gender identities.

Cost of domestic abuse to the economy each year:

No research.

Estimated % change due to COVID-19:

Drop in cases & calls [4]


Current law and policy:

Jamaica commits to ratify the Optional Protocol to CEDAW and implement national plan to end gender-based violence. The Government of Jamaica has joined UN Women’s COMMIT initiative and pledged to sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). Furthermore, as a matter of priority, the government has committed to implement the National Strategic Plan to End Gender-Based Violence.

Public spending - A 1993 study of 640 victims of intimate partner violence and other types of violence at the Kingston Public Hospital in Jamaica. Total costs were $454 000 or $709 per patient, including materials, drugs and doctors' fees.[5]

The World Bank estimated that violence against women costs countries on average around 1.2-3.7% of GDP. For Jamaica, the estimated figure is J$57 billion - more than the Government of Jamaica's expenditures for the health sector in 2014.[6]


Frontline Services:

 

Sources


[1] The World Bank, (1)

[2] UN Women, “Global Database on Violence Against Women – Jamaica”, (evaw-global-database.unwomen.org).

[3] http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/editorial/putting-a-stop-to-domestic-violence_187120?profile=1096

[4] http://jamaica-gleaner.com/article/lead-stories/20200412/domestic-abuse-caution-experts-wary-gender-based-violence-during-covid

[5] https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/42944/9241591609.pdf;jsessionid=A6200104C8EC67F69A4EA20439CC2FAF?sequence=1

[6] http://jamaica-gleaner.com/article/commentary/20150923/violence-against-women-moral-and-economic-imperative#:~:text=The%20World%20Bank%20estimated%20that,the%20health%20sector%20in%202014


Further Reading


[1] UN Women, (10)