Guinea

Population size: 

12,771,250 [1]

Number of people experiencing domestic abuse each year:

Prevalence of domestic violence against women (lifetime) 80%. [2]

No research on male victims or other gender identities.

Cost of domestic abuse to the economy each year:

No research.

Estimated % change due to COVID-19:

In Guinea, data indicates a 4.5 percent increase in cases of gender-based violence since before the epidemic including twice as many rapes. [3]


Current law and policy:

Guinea commits to producing a national report on the elimination of violence against women and girls, but has failed to commit to making substantial change to the widespread occurrence of domestic violence in the country.

Guinea does not have separate legislation that deals specifically with domestic violence. Marital Rape is not criminalised. Domestic violence is widespread. The government has not undertaken any specific measures to counter social pressure and stigma surrounding the reporting of domestic violence. The US state government report indicates that victims are also reluctant to report domestic violence to the police for fear the victim would be asked to pay for the investigation.

From 2015 there has been a deteriorating human rights situation which has undermined government progress on human rights issues. In 2018 Guinea revised its National Gender Policy which has committed to the preparation of a national report on the elimination and prevention of violence against women and girls. The government has also committed to preparing a national report for the 20-year review of the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. As of 2020, neither report has yet to be published. 

One of the key lessons learned from the Ebola outbreak was that epidemics leave women and girls especially vulnerable to violence. Mistakes made during the Ebola epidemic are valuable lessons in the COVID-19 response. [4]

Public spending - 4.9% of GDP on violence containment (excluding individuals’ expenditures and indirect costs such as lost wages resulting from lower productivity or absenteeism). [5]


Frontline Services:

 

Sources


[1] The World Bank, (1).

[2] https://www.genderindex.org/wp-content/uploads/files/datasheets/2019/GN.pdf (2019)

[3] https://theconversation.com/sexual-and-gender-based-violence-during-covid-19-lessons-from-ebola-137541 (May 2020)

[4] ibid

[5] http://economicsandpeace.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/The-Economic-Cost-of-Violence-Containment.pdf (page 14) (2012)


Further Reading


[1] https://www.uneca.org/sites/default/files/uploaded-documents/Gender/EGM-RRAGDI-2017/3-agdi_report_combatting_violence_against_women.pdf

[2] https://www.state.gov/reports/2019-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/guinea/

[3] https://undocs.org/A/HRC/WG.6/35/GIN/1