Albania

Number of People Experiencing Domestic Abuse Each Year:

In response to a survey question posed by the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (‘OSCE’) in 2019, ‘How common do you think violence against women by partners, acquaintances or strangers is in Albania?’, 88% of respondents said that their perception was that violence is ‘very common’ or ‘fairly common’.

14,085 women aged 18-74 were surveyed on their experiences with any partner, past or present. 19% said they had experienced physical violence, 4% had experienced sexual violence and 19% had experienced physical and/or sexual violence.

A survey of the national population by the Institute of Statistics in Albania (‘INSTAT’) in May 2019, revealed that 52.9% of women had experienced domestic violence.

According to a UK Home Office Country Report, in 2013, 1 in 2 women in Albania had been exposed to at least one form of domestic violence during their lifetime. This is significantly higher than the average in Europe of 1 in 4. In 2014, out of the 1,189 cases reported to the police, only 476 resulted in convictions. In the period from January 2017 to August 2017, 2,963 cases of domestic violence were reported to the police. Of these, 962 did not result in a conviction while the other 2,001 cases, Protection Orders (‘POs’) were pursued. During this period, domestic violence led to 9 people being killed of whom 7 were female.

May 2019: 1 in 2 women experienced domestic abuse.

No research on male victims or other gender identities.



Population Size:

2.85 million. 50.1% are male and 49.9% are female.


Frontline Services:


 

Sources



  1. Ibid, 34.

  2. United Kingdom Home Office, “Country Policy and Information Note – Albania: Domestic Abuse and Violence Against Women”, (2018), Note.

  3. UN Women: Europe and Central Asia, “New Survey Reveals Violence Against Women Occurs Widely in Albania”, (eca.unwomen.org, 29 May 2019), <https://eca.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2019/05/new-survey-reveals-violence-against-women-occurs-widely-in-albania>.

  4. The World Bank, (1).

  5. Y. Allouche, “‘Silent Pandemic’: How Women in the Middle East and North Africa are Threatened Online”, (middleeasteye.net, 13 July 2020), <https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/women-middle-east-north-africa-threats-harassment-abuse-sexism-online>.

  6. Minister for Family and Women of Algeria, “Violence Towards Women: National Study into Prevalence”, (2007), Report. This report was cited by R. Manjoo, the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, “Mission to Algeria”, (2011), 17th Session of the UN Human Rights Council, 7.

  7. The World Bank, (1).