Chad

Population Size:

15,946,876.[1]

Number of People Experiencing Domestic Abuse Each Year:

Though under-reported, sexual and gender-based violence is widespread in Chad, including in the refugee and internally displaced person camps in Eastern and Southern Chad. Each year, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (‘UNHCR’) is improving its ability to collect information on incidents of sexual and/or gender-based violence , resulting in an average 30% increase in the number of incidents reported year on year. Although the annual increase in reported incidents indicates that the UNHCR’s awareness raising efforts have had a significant impact, under-reporting remains a challenge.[2]

2018: Child marriage and female genital mutilation was common with about 35% of women reporting having being beaten, raped or psychologically abused by their husbands.[3]

No research on male victims or other gender identities.

Cost of Domestic Abuse to the Economy Each Year:

No research.

Estimated % Change due to COVID-19:

No research.


Current Law and Policy:

Chad has made no specific commitments to ending domestic violence. In 2011, the CEDAW Committee stressed the lack of appropriate services for victims of domestic violence.

The legal framework in Chad does not regard domestic violence as a criminal offence, however, there are aggravated penalties for crimes against a spouse or family member.

The Law Concerning the Promotion of Reproductive Health includes a provision that prohibits all forms of violence, including domestic violence (Article 9). However, reports indicate that a decree for the application of this law has never been adopted, which renders the Law obsolete.

The National Strategy to Fight Gender-Based Violence includes some provisions concerning domestic violence.


Frontline Services:

 

Sources


[1] The World Bank, (1).

[2] UNHCR, “Sexual and Gender-Based Violence Strategy 2012-2016: Chad”, Report.

[3] L. Goering, “Violence Against Women Hampers Resilience Efforts in Chad”, (braced.org, 21 June 2018).


Further Reading


[1] OECD, “Chad”, (2019), Social Institutions and Gender Index.